Mendelian Genetics

Expected Student Learning Competencies

  • Explain how all organisms begin their life cycles as a single cell and that in multicellular organisms, successive generations of embryonic cells form by cell division.
  • Summarize the stages of the cell cycle.
  • Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction
  • Explain that the information passed from parents to offspring is transmitted by means of genes which are coded in DNA molecules.
  • Describe how Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment can be observed through patterns of inheritance.




Protein Synthesis

Tutorial:
Protein Synthesis Tutorial:

Expected Student Learning Competencies

  • Explain that the information passed from parents to offspring is transmitted by means of genes which are coded in DNA molecules.
  • Explain how crossing over, jumping genes, and deletion and duplication of genes results in genetic variation.
  • Explain how mutations can alter genetic information and the possible consequences
  • Describe the basic structure of DNA, including the role of hydrogen bonding.
  • Explain how the process of DNA replication results in the transmission and conservation of the genetic
    code.
  • Describe how transcription and translation result in gene expression.
  • Cite evidence to support that the genetic code is universal.




Non-Mendelian Genetics


Expected Student Learning Competencies

  • Explain how mutations can alter genetic information and the possible consequences
  • Describe how the process of meiosis results in the formation of haploid gametes and analyze the importance of meiosis in sexual reproduction.
  • Compare and contrast the function of mitosis and meiosis.
  • Illustrate that the sorting and recombining of genes in sexual reproduction results in a great variety of possible gene combination.
  • Evaluate the process of sexual reproduction in influencing genetic variability in a population.
  • Distinguish among observed inheritance patterns caused by several types of genetic traits (dominant, recessive, codominant, sex-linked,polygenic, incomplete dominance, multiple alleles)
  • Explain how gene actions, patterns of heredity, and reproduction of cells and organisms account for the continuity of life.




DNA Technology


Expected Student Learning Competencies

  • Explain how genetic technologies have impacted the fields of medicine, forensics, and agriculture.
  • Evaluate the societal impact of genetic engineering techniques and applications
  • Analyze ethical, social, economic, and cultural considerations as related to the development, selection, and use of technologies.
  • Compare and contrast the emerging technologies of telemedicine, nanotechnology, prosthetics, and biochemistry as they relate to improving human health
60 minutes video-
Resurrecting the extinct-
Scientists believe they can sustain endangered species - maybe even one day resurrect some that have died out - using DNA technology.