Keystone Competencies:
B.2.2.1Describe how the processes of transcription and translation are similar in all organisms.
B.2.3.1. Describe how genetic mutations alter the DNA sequence and may or may not affect the phenotype (e.g., silent, nonsense, and frameshift)
B.2.2.2. Describe the role of ribosomes, ER, Golgi, and the nucleus in the production of specific types of protein .

Expected Student Learning Competencies

  • Explain that the information passed from parents to offspring is transmitted by means of genes which are coded in DNA molecules.
  • Explain how crossing over, jumping genes, and deletion and duplication of genes results in genetic variation.
  • Explain how mutations can alter genetic information and the possible consequences
  • Describe the basic structure of DNA, including the role of hydrogen bonding.
  • Explain how the process of DNA replication results in the transmission and conservation of the genetic
  • Describe how transcription and translation result in gene expression.
  • Cite evidence to support that the genetic code is universal.
Protein Synthesis Tutorial

Transcription and Translation

Protein Synthesis

Role of Genes

Structure of Protein